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Ancient Traditions Passed Down During Winter Ceremony

Virginia Alvino
Texas Public Radio News

Every December, many Catholics honor The Virgin of Guadalupe. People native to Mexico and the southwest celebrate in a variety of ways. Some traditional groups sing ancient Aztec songs all through the night, and dance throughout the next day as a way to honor the Virgin, which they interpret as Mother Earth. One San Antonio family and their community members held their ceremony last Friday night. 

Hundreds of people were in and out of Our Lady of Guadalupe Church that night. 

“I mean some people who never come to church, and they’ll come tonight because they feel very moved by the songs," says Xelina Flores. "It’s very special.” 

Flores' group sang ancient songs until four in the morning, and after a rest, offered traditional dances throughout the day Saturday. Her family is native to this area. While she doesn’t usually attend this church, she says it was built by her people. This land is sacred. So this night she joins others from all walks of life, to honor something deeply rooted in their culture.

“A lot of different groups come and give their offerings through flowers and song and dance and prayers,” says Flores.  

They’re honoring La Virgen de Guadalupe, or Tonantzin for Flores’ group which follows ancient Aztec traditions. The story is of the virgin’s appearance to the native peasant Juan Diego. She brought messages to him, and when he revealed his tapestry with an image of her, it was considered a miracle. 

“This is always a message of peace, and people coming together. She’s a mother,” says Flores.  

That’s Mother Earth for Flores’ group, which represents love, nurturing, and the birth of so many things.  

Xelina’s father José Flores is a leader in the community. He says tonight is the end of their cycle of ceremonies for the year.

“We are honoring our Mother Earth," says Flores, "although we should do it every day but this is the special time of the year when all Mexicanos celebrate the day for La Madre Tonantzin or Mother Earth. Right now, tonight there will be millions of people doing the ceremony.” 

While this group is more traditional, other native people have grown closer to Catholicism, and there’s everything in between. That’s a result of the Spanish coming and imposing their traditions. Native people were forced to change their worship, giving up drums, language, and clothing.

“Our ancestors had to find a way to adapt to maintain the same spirituality, spiritual identity, mixing it with Christian symbols,” says José Flores.  

Xelina says that was a difficult transition for her ancestors, but they were able to make sense of it. "It was like oh, well there’s a lot of similarities here, we understand this symbol of Virgin de Guadalupe, for us it’s Tonantzin," says Flores. "We know those colors, the cross."

José Flores’ journey to these practices was long. Decades ago, he and his wife wanted to connect to their roots. Through friends in the Chicano movement, they made many trips to Mexico to meet an elder, and learn these ways. Flores’ connection to the faith is clear.

“Because that’s the one that is more like me, mestizo," he says. "Part European, and part Azteca.” 

Xelina was born into these practices, and says the process of learning along with other families was warm. "Like if we were singing the songs incorrectly and just humming along. That was still seen as a vibration going in the right direction," says Flores. "Or I remember when I would dance maybe accidentally going in the wrong direction. Eventually you start to  learn just from being around it”. 

Now she’s teaching the third generation, at least in her contemporary family. Her oldest son is 15 and very involved in the traditions. He plays the drums. But she worries interest in the community isn’t as strong as when her parents were young. She says that might just be a reflection of her own fears with her own children – maybe they’d rather be doing something else.

“It’s the children that become such a very important part of what we do, because they are the ones that will continue it on,” says Xelina Flores. 

José Flores isn’t worried about it.

He says he doesn't worry that these traditions will eventually be lost to time. "They won't," he says. "Any true form of worship may transform perhaps, but it won’t disappear. It won’t.”

For now, this ceremony is the start of the holidays for this family – the colors, the family, and of course the food, including tamales – another example of the native and Aztec ways infusing with the Spanish.

Another fusion is happening in Xelina’s own family. Her younger boys’ father is Jewish, so they’re learning those practices, too.

“It all comes down to love and family and traditions," says Xelina Flores. "There hasn’t been anything that has conflicted.”

Virginia joined Texas Public Radio in September, 2015. Prior to hosting and producing Fronteras for TPR, she worked at WBOI in Indiana to report on often overlooked stories in the community. Virginia began her reporting career at the Statehouse in Salem, OR, and has reported for the Northwest News Network and Oregon Public Broadcasting.