A funeral Mass at San Fernando Cathedral celebrated the life of Emilio Nicolas, the founder of Univision.
Nicolas, the businessman who built the largest Spanish-language television network in the United States, died on Saturday, Oct. 12, in San Antonio at age 88.
Mariachis played as mourners lined up on the sidewalk under a clear blue sky. The musical instruments sparkled in the afternoon sunshine.
Emilio Nicolas and his wife, Irma Alicia Cortez Nicolas, were a media power couple.
Irma’s father, Raoul Cortez, started the first full-time Spanish-language radio and television stations in the U.S. in San Antonio: KCOR AM & TV.
Guillermo Nicolas, son of Emilio and Irma, said his grandfather Raoul was charming, handsome and determined.
"Who opens a Spanish language radio station in ‘46 and then in ‘55 a TV station in a country that speaks predominantly English [and] that has signs that say 'no dogs or Mexicans allowed?' " he asked.
According to a publicist, Emilio Nicolas, was born on Oct. 27, 1930, in Frontera, Coahuila, Mexico. He had four siblings. He moved to San Antonio in 1948 to study chemisty, biology and math at St. Mary's University, from where he graduated in 1951. He earned a master's degree from Trinity in 1952.
After studying arteriosclerosis, a condition that hardens the arteries, at the Southwest Foundation, he came to work for Cortez at KCOR in 1955. He produced live programming and oversaw the radio and TV news departments.
— TPRBrian (@TprBrian) October 21, 2019
He picked up his father-in-law’s pioneering spirit when Cortez sold the station to Nicolas and other investors in 1961. KCOR was renamed KWEX, the forerunner to Univision. Nicolas rose to station president and general manager.
Emilio and Irma Nicolas eventually made Spanish language radio and TV programming the norm for today’s audiences.
Guillermo said despite the success of his father’s efforts, Nicolas remained humble and loyal to his San Antonio ties.
"Dad really doesn't have a big ego," Guillermo Nicolas said, "because if he did we would have moved to New York or to Los Angeles. But Dad could have taken any one of those two cities for himself, and he didn't. He chose to stay in San Antonio because he had a true love for San Antonio. This is where he received his education. It's where he met my mother, and it's where he found his fortune."
Through it all, Nicolas kept a low profile until he sold the company in 1987.
"And not until then did he get floods of phone calls from people that had known him for 40 years and were stunned at what he had achieved and what his partners had achieved," Guillermo Nicolas added. "And I find that wonderful on one part and really sad on the other, because in his own city, to not know what he had created, and that he'd built the fourth television network in the United States after ABC, CBS and NBC. That to me was a little sad."
— Luis Patiño (@luispatinoLAX) October 12, 2019
Nicolas knew Mexican Americans had no voice or representation in the media. There was nowhere they could go to learn about getting a driver’s license, how to register to vote or how to learn about transformative figures like Cesar Chavez.
"He understood as a Mexican immigrant coming to San Antonio to the United States that having control of the airwaves was a privilege, not a right,” Guillermo Nicolas explained. "And that the airwaves belong to the people of the United States, not to the companies and to the broadcast companies. And it was important to him not only to entertain the people, but to help educate, because we had a struggle ahead of us. I mean, the radio and the television is how our people were able to learn about their great heroes."
He added that his father worked to create programming to inform and entertain Spanish speakers. He said English speaking networks did not do the same.
"And it's shocking," he said. "I look at the English language television and I look at the movies. If we're not drug dealers, we're gang bangers. ... I'm just stunned by that."
According to a publicist, Nicolas is survived by Irma Nicolas, his wife, three children and their spouses, one sister, five grandchildren and seven great grandchildren.
Texas Public Radio’s new headquarters will carry on the Nicolas’ legacy. It will be named The Emilio & Irma Nicolas Media Center.