In Tennessee, by late December 1864 things were not well in John Bell Hood’s Confederate army. Marching southward from Columbia toward Pulaski, Tennessee, Hood essentially sacrificed his rear guard to cover his retreat. Reaching Bainbridge on Christmas Day, Hood could ill afford to give his pursued and exhausted Confederates a day to celebrate. On Monday, December 26, the remains of his army began crossing the Tennessee River, essentially bringing his invasion of Tennessee to a close. A once proud army that confidently had invaded Tennessee finished retreating across the Tennessee River on the 27th and headed for the safety of Tupelo, Mississippi, carrying with them the demeanor of a thoroughly defeated army. Theirs was the last invasion of the North ever attempted by the Confederacy during the American Civil War.