This Week in the Civil War - #858
Attempting to prevent the extension of Union siege lines to the south and west of Petersburg, on Wednesday, June 22, 1864 troops of A.P. Hill’s corps attacked the Federal Second Corps, inflicting heavy losses during an extended engagement. The Second Corps was driven back, with the loss of seventeen hundred prisoners. This engagement temporarily stopped Grant’s drive against the Weldon and Petersburg Railroad. At the same time Union cavalry also attacked the South Side Railroad near Petersburg, destroying considerable amount of track which was quickly repaired by the Confederates. The Confederate cavalry under the command of W.H.F. “Rooney” Lee, Robert E. Lee’s son, skillfully defended the South Side Railroad and aggressively pursued the Union raiders. If Grant’s forces could not completely isolate Petersburg, the Union siege of that city would fail.