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00000174-b11b-ddc3-a1fc-bfdbb1a20000The Schreiner University Department of History is honoring the sesquicentennial of the American Civil War with a series of short vignettes focusing on events from 1861 through 1865. The Civil War was the most destructive conflict in American history, but it was also one of our most defining moments as a people and as a nation. Let us know what you think about "This Week in the Civil War." E-mail your comments to Dr. John Huddleston at jhuddles@schreiner.edu.Airs: Weekdays at 5:19 a.m., 8:19 a.m., 4:19 p.m. on KTXI and 4:49 a.m., 9:29 p.m. on KSTX.

This Week in the Civil War - 774

Given the mass escape of Union prisoners which had just occurred from Libby Prison in Richmond and the concerns that the Davis government had about incursions into the heartland of the Confederacy as Union General William Tecumseh Sherman had just completed, the Davis government decided for security reasons to move Union prisoners into the rural, isolated areas of the Confederacy. 

On Saturday, February 27, 1864 Federal prisoners began arriving near Americus, Georgia in the southwestern part of that state to a new prison camp officially named Camp Sumter but known later to history as Andersonville. 

Soon overcrowding, as well as inadequate administration, shelter, food, and accommodations would take nearly 13,000 lives, making Andersonville the most notorious of the prison camps utilized by either side in the American Civil War.