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00000174-b11b-ddc3-a1fc-bfdbb1a20000The Schreiner University Department of History is honoring the sesquicentennial of the American Civil War with a series of short vignettes focusing on events from 1861 through 1865. The Civil War was the most destructive conflict in American history, but it was also one of our most defining moments as a people and as a nation. Let us know what you think about "This Week in the Civil War." E-mail your comments to Dr. John Huddleston at jhuddles@schreiner.edu.Airs: Weekdays at 5:19 a.m., 8:19 a.m., 4:19 p.m. on KTXI and 4:49 a.m., 9:29 p.m. on KSTX.

This Week in the Civil War - 609

On July 8, 1863 when news of Vicksburg’s surrender reached Port Hudson, Louisiana, the last Confederate garrison on the Mississippi, Confederate General Franklin Gardner realized that further resistance was futile and, after receiving terms from Union General Nathaniel Banks, surrendered unconditionally his force of approximately 7000 Confederate troops.

Port Hudson had endured six weeks of siege, and Gardner knew that the fall of Vicksburg doomed his command.  With Port Hudson’s capitulation, the entirety of the Mississippi River was in Union hands, although portions would remain in the future vulnerable to guerilla attacks.

After essentially twenty-eight months of fighting, the North had now forcibly bisected the Southern Confederacy.  From this point on in the American Civil War, the question would be “How long could the Confederacy—a “house divided”—remain in rebellion?”