This Week in the Civil War - #1097
Given the success of Union forces in the field, on Monday, May 29, 1865 by presidential proclamation Andrew Johnson granted amnesty and pardons, with only a few exceptions, to all who directly or indirectly participated in the “existing rebellion.” All property rights were to be restored, except in the case of slavery and other special cases. A simply oath of allegiance to the Constitution and to federal law was all that was required. Such an oath for all was opposed by the Radical Republicans, who desired that only those who had never directly or indirectly supported the Confederacy be allowed to make such a statement. In essence, Johnson’s proclamation followed the pattern set by his predecessor; as such, it placed Andrew Johnson in direct conflict with the Radical Republicans.