About 40 percent of Texas workers lack access to paid time off needed during an illness or injury, according to the Institute for Women's Policy Research.
Paid sick leave typically also applies to doctor's appointments and time off to take care of family members.
The City of Austin approved an ordinance earlier this year requiring private employers to offer between 48 and 64 hours of paid sick leave a year, depending on the size of the company.
Austin's mandate, scheduled to take effect October 1, is the first paid sick leave policy in the South.
Since there is no state or federal law requiring paid sick time, the ordinance is seeing legal challenges, which argue that local government is overreaching employers and violates state laws like the Texas Minimum Wage Act.
What do business owners consider when it comes to providing paid leave and which industries are most affected?
The American Medical Association has recognized the public health benefits of paid sick leave, pointing to the potential for early screening and treatment of medical conditions, as well as reducing the risk of spreading infectious diseases.
How does paid leave impact the health and productivity of the workforce across America?
- Jose Garza, executive director for the Workers Defense Project
- Robert Henneke, general counsel and director of the Center for the American Future at the Texas Public Policy Foundation
- Elise Gould, senior economist at the Economic Policy Institute
"The Source" is a live call-in program airing Mondays through Thursdays from 12-1 p.m. During the live show, call 210-614-8980, email email@example.com or tweet at @TPRSource. Leave a voicemail with your questions and comments in advance by calling 210-615-8982.