This Week in the Civil War - #952
While persecution of Unionists in Central Texas peaked in the early months of 1864, antagonism against the Confederacy remained, especially among the German citizens of Gillespie County. Confederate General J.D. McAdoo acknowledged the level of citizen discontent, writing in September 1864 that “(A)ll confidence seemed lost in the capacity of any authority, Civil or Military, to restore law and maintain order.” In 1865 with the end of the war, Gillespie County would indict numerous individuals for wartime atrocities, but few were brought to trial. When it became apparent that the Confederacy would fail, many of those who committed wartime atrocities fled either to Europe or Mexico to avoid retribution. Included among those escaping justice was Confederate irregular Captain James Duff, responsible for the 1862 Nueces Massacre of German Unionists.