On Monday, September 1, 1864 at Winchester, Virginia Philip Sheridan’s Union forces of some forty thousand attacked Jubal Early’s twelve thousand Confederates. Sheridan’s main thrust targeted the Berryville Pike leading into Winchester; Ramseur’s Confederate division was driven from the field, forcing Early to call in his remaining divisions from north of the city. When the Confederates hit a gap in the Union lines, fighting was heavy, with the Federals forcing the Confederates to further withdraw. Late in the afternoon when Sheridan ordered a general advance, Early ordered a strategic withdrawal from Winchester. Losses were heavy on both sides, with Union forces totaling 4018 and Confederate troops suffering 3941 casualties. Early’s Confederates were badly beaten, thus allowing Sheridan to soon begin his wholesale destruction of the Shenandoah Valley.