This Week in the Civil War - #861
On Monday, June 27, 1864, at Kennesaw Mountain near Marietta, Georgia William Tecumseh Sherman’s Federals attacked Joseph Johnston’s well entrenched Confederates. For weeks Sherman had attempted in a series of maneuvers to turn Johnston’s flank so that he could take Atlanta, but at Kennesaw Mountain Sherman abandoned his prior efforts and decided to frontally assault Johnston’s army. In their greatest encounter to date, Johnston’s troops held firm, inflicting over 2000 casualties on the attacking Union forces while only suffering approximately 500 casualties of their own. After Kennesaw Mountain, Sherman would return to his flanking maneuvers, forcing Johnston to abandon Kennesaw Mountain and to entrench at Smyrna, Georgia. Kennesaw Mountain was not Sherman's first large-scale frontal assault during the Civil War, but it was most certainly his last.