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00000174-b11b-ddc3-a1fc-bfdbb1a20000The Schreiner University Department of History is honoring the sesquicentennial of the American Civil War with a series of short vignettes focusing on events from 1861 through 1865. The Civil War was the most destructive conflict in American history, but it was also one of our most defining moments as a people and as a nation. Let us know what you think about "This Week in the Civil War." E-mail your comments to Dr. John Huddleston at jhuddles@schreiner.edu.Airs: Weekdays at 5:19 a.m., 8:19 a.m., 4:19 p.m. on KTXI and 4:49 a.m., 9:29 p.m. on KSTX.

This Week in the Civil War - 709

On Wednesday, November 25, 1863, Ulysses Grant order William Tecumseh Sherman to attack the north end of Missionary Ridge and seize Tunnel Hill.  Hooker’s Union forces would move from Lookout Mountain to cut off a Confederate retreat southward into Georgia, while General Lorenzo Thomas’ troops would attack the Confederate center when Sherman reached Missionary Ridge. 

At sunrise Sherman attacked, but the Confederates resisted well into the afternoon.  Hooker’s forces could not effectively cross Chattanooga Creek, delaying his attack.  In the center under orders from Grant, Thomas’ four divisions in the afternoon charged up Missionary Ridge, overwhelmed the Confederates and forced them to retreat.  Braxton Bragg’s Confederate force, badly defeated, crossed Chickamauga Creek to safety during the night.  Chattanooga and the surrounding area were now firmly in Union hands.