World War II

On Aug. 6, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. It was the first time a nuclear weapon had been used in warfare.

There were three strike planes that flew over Hiroshima that day: the Enola Gay, which carried the bomb, and two observation planes, the Great Artiste and the Necessary Evil.

Russell Gackenbach was a second lieutenant in the U.S. Army Air Corps and a navigator on the mission. Today, the 95-year-old is the only surviving crew member of those three planes.

Preparation

During World War II, more than a quarter million Filipinos fought alongside American soldiers. Many are still awaiting the recognition promised to them.

StoryCorps

“People throw a rag doll in the air -- that is how I flew in the air,” said Henry Cannon. “I was hurt pretty good.”

After only a few weeks of basic training, Henry Cannon was assigned to the USS Tennessee (BB-43) battleship during World War II. Several days into the Battle of Okinawa, on April 12, 1945, a kamikaze hit the ship. Henry recalled rushing to save his wounded friends but his superior officer ordered him to seek cover because Henry was also badly wounded. 

Carson Frame / TPR News

St. Mary's University students honored 81-year old veteran Lt.  Col. Adolf Wesselhoeft Thursday. He was of one of 139 American children of German descent interned in Crystal City during World War II.


Polish president President Andrzej Duda signed a bill on Tuesday that authorizes jail time for people convicted of suggesting the country was complicit in the Holocaust.

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