We learn from others, or as Picasso said, "Good artists copy, great artists steal." Beethoven took this advice and borrowed from Mozart and Haydn, but quickly progressed.
Where some would borrow a sonata development or structure, Beethoven would take the layout, hacksaw it off and replace it with an invention of his own, or invert something and swap parts around, much like car nuts did in the early days of Hot Rod building.
But the composer's days of modifying others' ideas was over.
Maria Bachmann's latest CD, "French Fantasy," featuring pianist Adam Nieman, pays tribute to those lyrical and dramatic French composers Claude Debussy, Camille Saint-Saens, and Cesar Franck, whose sonata she considers the "heart" of her latest album.
Deirdre Saravia spoke with her recently about her career and this latest solo release.